Researcher’s Groundbreaking Work Shed Early Light
on AIDS Transmission, Cervical Cancer Link to Smoking
“There were only four AIDS research
Two characteristics made Warren Winkelstein Jr. ’ 43 one of America’s
grants awarded at that time, and Winkelstein’s
was the only one that started with a popula-
tion of healthy people, rather than people who
already had AIDS, and observed them over
time,” said S. Leonard Syme, UC-Berkeley
professor emeritus of epidemiology, who first
from Columbia University in 1950.
greatest epidemiologists — his teaching
skills and his emphasis on collaboration.
“You can make a lot of mistakes indi-
vidually,” he once told the journal
Epidemiology. “But by collaboration, you
eliminate a lot of dumb errors.”
After graduation, Winkelstein served a year
with the U.S. Public Health Service, where he
was assigned to work on a technical and economic mission to North Vietnam. This work
was a forerunner to the creation of the U.S.
Agency for International Development.
Winkelstein, professor emeritus of epidemiology and a former dean at the University of
California-Berkeley, made groundbreaking
studies that connected unprotected sex
between men to AIDS and smoking to cervical cancer. He died July 22 at his home in
Warren Winkelstein Jr. ’ 43 headed one of the
largest trials of the Salk polio vaccine in the
Point Richmond, Calif. He was 90.
His career spanned six decades and
included leading the landmark San Francisco
Men’s Health Study that began in the early
1980s, a time when little was known about a
mysterious new disease called AIDS. The study
was the first to provide information about
how HIV was transmitted, the length of the
virus’s incubation period and what behaviors
put people at greater risk.
In 1951, Winkelstein joined the Erie
County Health Department in Buffalo, N. Y.,
as a district health officer. Two years later, he
became director of the department’s Division
of Communicable Disease Control, a position
he held until 1956. During his tenure there,
he headed one of the largest trials ever conducted of the Salk polio vaccine.
Winkelstein also established the
Epidemiology Research Program at the State
University of New York-Buffalo, and while
there he led one of the first studies to isolate
air pollution as the cause of health problems
in low-income neighborhoods. That work
helped influence the development of U.S. air-quality standards.
Winkelstein joined the UC-Berkeley faculty
in 1968 and remained active after his retirement in 1991. He continued to teach graduate
courses on ethics in epidemiology and the
history of the field. He also wrote biographical
sketches of prominent figures in the field of
met Winkelstein in 1960. “It was amazing
work, and that research became the definitive
study of how AIDS was spread.”
The San Francisco Men’s Health Study
remains one of the largest and best described
cohorts of people at risk for HIV/AIDS.
Winkelstein was considered a master at
designing rigorous studies to answer tough
questions about the causes, risk factors and
transmission of disease.
Winkelstein was born on July 1, 1922, in
Syracuse, N. Y. He served in the Army in World
War II and received a bachelor’s degree in sociology from UNC in 1943. He went on to earn
a medical degree from Syracuse University in
1947 and a master’s degree in public health
— Don Evans ’ 80
◆ James Chalmers Grier Jr. (’ 47 BSGEO), 88, of
Rock Hill, S.C.; Nov. 18. 2011. Grier taught high
school science in the Rock Hill school system for
more than 32 years. During WWII, he served in the
Army and was captured by the Germans during the
Battle of the Bulge. At UNC, he was in Glee Club.
◆ Frederick Swain Johnston III (’ 47), 88, of
Tampa, Fla.; June 10, 2012. Johnston founded the
Columbia Brokerage Co., among the first to specialize in frozen foods. He wrote several books on
conceptual physics, the latest being Reciprocal
Logic, Volumes I & II. As a conservationist, he
belonged to the Wilderness Society and the American Chestnut Foundation. During WWII, he served
in the Army. ◆ Harlan Lloyd McCartney (’ 47), 90,
of Paris, Tenn.; July 9, 2012. McCartney owned
McCartney Produce from 1947 to 1980. A former
director at Commercial Bank, he sponsored Biddy
Basketball and Little League teams and was a
bronze life master in the American Contract Bridge
League. He served in the Navy Seabees during
WWII. At UNC, he belonged to Delta Sigma Pi. ◆
William Ira Naxon (’ 47 BSCOM), 88, of Dallas;
June 26, 2012. Naxon, who attended UNC as
William Ira Nachamson, started two Rayco Auto
Seat Covers company franchises in the 1950s and
ran the stores until the 1980s, when he started
the Brake-O chain of automobile service centers.
During WWII, he served in the Navy. At UNC, he
belonged to Hillel Foundation, Tau Epsilon Phi and
the wrestling team. ◆ William Louis Packer (’ 47
BSCOM), 92, of Hickory; June 23, 2012. Packer
spent his career as a wholesale and retail grocer
in Clinton and retired as owner of Quick Way Inc.
He was in the Lions Club for more than 50 years
and served as president; he received the club’s
two highest awards. He was in the Army during
WWII. ◆ Frances Drennen Quinn (’ 47 AB), 86, of
Birmingham, Ala.; July 30, 2012. At UNC, Quinn
belonged to Chi Omega. ◆ Joyce Highsmith
Tucker (’ 47), 87, of St. Petersburg, Fla.; May 31,
2012. Tucker’s volunteer activities included the
League to Aid Abused Children and Adults.
’ 48 ■ obituaries James Walter Adams (’ 48), 87, of Vero
Beach, Fla.; June 15, 2012. A pharmacist, Adams
opened Adams Professional Pharmacy in the late
1950s and ran the business until he sold it in 1982.
He was chief of pharmacy at Aston Park Hospital in
Asheville and on the staff of nine nursing homes in
Buncombe County. A proctor for UNC and other college pharmacy students, he also helped pioneer
drug treatment programs for addicts. During WWII,
he served in the Marines. ◆ Elizabeth Curry “Lib”
Cohan (’ 48 MAEd), 86, of Charlotte; July 8, 2012.
Until her retirement in 1993, Cohan was a teacher
and guidance counselor in Charlotte-Mecklenburg
schools and in Falls Church, Va. She volunteered at
the Mint Museum and Presbyterian Hospital. ◆ Shirley
Wilbur “Bud” Green (’ 48), 90, of Jacksonville, Fla.;
May 15, 2012. Green spent his entire career with
Southern Bell Telephone Co. He served in the Navy
during WWII. At UNC, he belonged to Phi Delta Theta.
◆ Charles Franklin “Chunny” Lambeth Jr. (’ 48 AB,
’ 52 LLB), 86, of Thomasville; July 31, 2012. Lambeth
was a partner in Lambeth McMillan and Weldon. He
was one of the founders of the N.C. chapter of the
American Civil Liberties Union. During WWII, he served
in the Navy. At UNC, he belonged to Phi Gamma Delta
and the men’s tennis and boxing teams. ◆ Sallie
Lee Walker (’ 48 AB), 84, of Raleigh; July 28, 2012.
Early in her career, Walker was a social worker with
the Johnston County Welfare Department. She served