sequence [on a tape]."
Another of his achievements altered
the nature ofboth computer use and the
industry itself. "What we did was essen-
tially make six different computers, all
what we would call compatible. It means
that two machines will run the same pro-
gram and get the same answer."
What it also meant was that software
and hardware became separate production
processes - and ultimately, different indus-
When Brooks won the Franklin Insti-
tute's Bower Award in 1995, the citation
made it clear how revolutionary the devel-
opment of the IBM S/360 was. The cita-
tion credits Brooks with defining "a con-
cept of computer architecture that
separated computer software from hard-
ware allowing these two fundamental
realms ofthe computer age to develop
dynamically and independently."
In other words, no IDM S/360, no
software industry. No Adobe, no
MicroSoft, no RedHat.
'I was led by very clear
After shepherding the 360 into actual-
ity, Brooks had an extraordinarily bright
future at IDM. But in 1965, he was invited
to come to UNC and found the Univer-
sity's computer science department.
As difficult as the decision was, he
decided to accept.
''I'm a Christian, and I was led by very
clear steps to make this shift in life,"
Brooks said. "I had always been teaching. I
like to teach. WIllie I was at IBM I taught
one year at Vassar and one at Columbia,
and I had maintained a steady publication
How did he find the time to do that
wIllie laying the foundations of an IBM
"Nights and weekends," he laughed.
He and his wife also had taken an
extra measure to make it easier to move to
academic life if the opportunity arose.
They didn't want to get used to the
expensive lifestyle that comes with a cor-
porate career. His wife worked for IBM as
well-so they lived on her salary and
The offer was even more attractive,
coming from UNC."My kid's grandpar-
ents were alive in Greenville. And any high
schooler growing up in North Carolina
made a lot of trips to Chapel Hill for
scholastic debates and music festivals."
In addition to his natural inclination to
teach, and the attraction ofliving in his
native state, Brooks felt the time was right
to found a department devoted purely to
" 1 was convinced that computer sci-
ence had reached the point where making
it an independent discipline made sense."
He saw a clear need for the conduct of
research and the design of curricula "that
would be judged by the standards of com-
puter science and not another discipline.
"This was the opportunity to do that."
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