comes out to about $1 . 5 million in free care, Goldstein said. That doesn't include a new program the students initiated this year to drive their health care services deeper into the heart of the community. It's called mobile SHAC. Guided by the UNC Wellness Center, students go in pairs into the community, meeting once every two weeks with an adopted patient. Goldstein said they are not there to provide medical care but to help elderly or disabled people learn how to improve their health."(The students) might show them how to use a pill organizer, explain their medicines to them and how to take them ... educate them about their condition or take them on walks if they need exercise:' he said. The students struggle to gather funds for this project as well as improve the services at the clinic, Goldstein said. One student wrote a proposal and was awarded a $3,000 grant from the University. Yale said it's the camaraderie and service rewards of the clinic that push the students to continue expanding on the services offered by SHAC, now the oldest student-run clinic in the country. He said he signed up for SHAC for the medical experience, but when he turns over his duties to the next coordinator when the clinic changes hands in March (as it does each year), he will leave with more than he bargained for. "I got into this because this is what I want to do when Iget out:' Yale said."I want to set up clinics. Iguess the biggest change in my attitude has been understanding how all these schools get together and learn from each other and really help people. "We may be just students, but we do come together and o what's best for the patient."
- Robin Clemow
Sleepy DrIVers: Drivers who work long hours, don't get enough
sleep or take medications are more likely to end up in acci-
dents caused by falling asleep or fatiguing at the wheel,
according to a first-of-a-kind study by the UNC Highway
Safety Research Center.A study of 1,403 North Carolina
drivers - 467 of whom had been involved in accidents
caused by falling asleep or being tired - showed that drivers
in sleep and fatigue-related crashes were four to five times
more likely than drivers in the control crash group to work
night-shift jobs. Between 8 percent and 10 percent of drivers
in sleep and fatigue crashes reported taking medications, while
fewer than 2 percent of the control crash group took them.
More Scholars: The Z. Smith Reynolds Foundation has awarded
the Frank Hawkins Kenan Institute of Private Enterprise's
Urban Investment Strategies Center $1.35 million to expand
the Durham Scholars Program into four other North Carolina
communities. The program will work with disadvantaged stu-
dents in Asheville, Kinston, Pembroke and Siler City, prOViding
after-school, weekend and summer tutorial and enrichment
activities, family-crisis intervention and parental involvement
activities beginning with fourth graders. The Durham Scholars
Program, launched in 1995 by Urban Investment Strategies
Center Director James H. Johnson Jr., serves 135 students
from Durham; the expanded program will serve 600 students
over the next three years. The goal is to give disadvantaged
children a better shot at succeeding academically and getting
into college as a way to help families out of poverty.
Redundant Genes: A single-celled organism needs only
between 265 and 350 protein-producing genes to survive,
according to research directed by Dr. Clyde A. Hutchinson III,
professor of microbiology at the School of Medicine. Through
an elimination process, Hutchinson and his colleagues found
that roughly a third of the 517 genes in the smallest known
disease-causing Mycoplasma genitalium were unnecessary for
survival. The research is important in the process of creating
minimal life forms that can be altered to help treat illnesses,
and in understanding life in general, Hutchinson said.
Genetics Center: The Howard Hughes Medical Institute has given
$2.6 million to the School of Medicine to develop and staff
a new genetics center. The University was one of 41 winners
of the grants, given for proposals emphasizing collaboration
among researchers in basic science, clinical research and
bioinformatics. The new center will be located in a 100,000-
square-foot research building currently under construction,
and will be part of a genomics program that will add 10 new
faculty to the medical school.
Mouse Central: The National Institutes of Health has selected
the University as one of two Regional Mutant Mouse Resource
Centers in the nation, along with the University of California
at Davis. The new center will receive $600,000 in grants
annually over the next five years. The two universities will
help relieve Jackson Laboratories in Bar Harbor, Maine, in
characterizing, maintaining and distributing an ever-growing
array of mouse models to the research community.
CVSUC Fibrosis: Scientists at the University have repaired a
genetic problem which accounts for a form of cystic fibrosis.
The method involves correcting a mutation involving unnec-
essary information inside a gene. Dr. Kenneth Friedman,
research fellow in pathology and laboratory medicine, and
Dr. Ryszard Kole, professor of pharmacology, developed the
method that they hope will help people with cystic fibrosis
by correcting the defective gene involved.
'forgone' Care: Researchers at UNC and other universities say
one in five U.S. teenagers does not receive health care when
he or she thinks it is needed. The study found that factors
such as lack of insurance, confusing health care systems, and
minority group status are among the reasons why teens do
not seek help. The research involved 20,000 teenagers in
grades 7 through 12. Researchers found that most of the
teens who did not seek health care were those who put
themselves at risk through behaviors such as depression or
acquiring sexually transmitted diseases. On the other hand,
teens who had continuous health insurance and regular
physical examinations were much less likely to forgo care.
VItamins and Cancer: Research from the University shows
vitamins A and E, generally taken to improve human health,
also prevent cancer cells from self-destructing, and work
against cancer therapy. The scientists studied reactive oxygen
species (ROS) that are central in the series of signals that
allow cells to kill bacteria and viruses, destroy toxins and
trigger suicide of defective cells. The studies showed
antioxidants such as vitamins A and E protect normal cells
from ROS, but might also prevent the death of cancer cells.
Clinical studies will show if cancer patients should receive
an antiOXidant-depleted diet.
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