1 84 THE ALUMNI
THE SOLDIERS' MONUMENT UNVEILED
An event which had been looked forward to for a
number of years, and which in appropriateness
matched the granting of degrees in 1911 to the living
students who left the University for the battle front
during i86i-'65, was the unveiling of the Soldiers'
monument, at 4.30 Monday afternoon, June 2, erected
in memory of all University students, living and .lead,
who served in the Confederacy.
The exercises held in Gerrard Hal and on the
campus were under the direction of the North Caro-
lina Division of the United Daughters of the Con-
federacy, which, through the co-operation of friends
and alumni of the University, provided the funds for
the erection of the fitting memorial. Gov. Locke
Craig was the principal speaker. Other addresses
were made by Maj. II. A. London, of Pittsboro : Mrs.
Marshall Williams, of Faison, president of the North
Carolina Division of the United Daughters of the
Confederacy; Mrs. II. A. London, chairman of the
monument fund committee, and original proposer of
the memorial ; and Gen. Julian S. Carr. Presented by
Mrs. London, the monument was received by the
University by President Venable, and by the Univer-
sity students, in whose honor it was placed upon the
campus, by General Carr. one of the boys of '66, who
left the I lib for the battle line.
Governor Craig's tribute follows, in part :
"The University was consumed by the War. At the
beginning of the conflict she held a commanding posi-
tion, and was in the full vigor of magnificent develop-
ment. She was the glory of North Carolina, and the
chief seat of learning in the South. Her alumni were
leaders in all departments of life; they occupied the
highest places of honor and power; they were 'the
oracles of senates and the ornaments of courts.' Her
hal's were thronged with indents from this and other
"In 1S61, these students went to war. The boys
who would have come here but for the war. left their
homes to join the armies of Virginia and Tennessee.
The figures tell how they answered the call for
volunteers. In 1859, there were [25 graduates; in
iSdj. there were 24. Of the Class of [863, eighl re-
mained to be seniors; they were enhited. ( )f the Class
of 1864. seven remained to be seniors; they were en-
listed; two were absent from commencement attend-
ing to military duties. In 1864, one-fifth of the entire
faculty had been killed in battle, and-others had been
"At the commencement of 1805. only one graduate
completed the course. Fourteen students began the
senior year, but on'y three could lie present at com
mencerr.-ent, the others were at the front.
••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••'From a letter written by President Swain to Jeffer-
son Davis, on October 5, 1863, I quote as follows:
" At the close of the collegiate year, June 7, i860,
the whole number of students at our college was 430.
They were distributed in the four classes
as follows: seniors, 84; juniors, 102; sophomores,
125; freshmen, 80.'
"The senior class of i860 had 84 members. Every
one of them able to bear arms, with perhaps one ex-
ception, went to the army. ( >f these, one-fourth of
the entire number were killed upon the field. In the
younger classes, the loss was about the same. The
proportion of the wounded to the kiled is usually
estimated as three to one. By this rule of computation.
nearly all the boys who left this institution to follow
the flag of the Confederacy were killed or wounded
"The aged and infirm professors, with vestal devo-
tion, kept alive the sacred fire of learning in this
temple, dedicated by the fathers and sanctified by
"When General Sherman's forces entered the town
of Chapel Hill, these teachers, with ten or twelve boys,
were trying to preserve the University amid the uni-
destruction. The college bell was rung by Dr.
Charles Phillips, and in the chapel morning and even-
ing prayers were offered for a stricken and a sorrow
The youths, bouyant and hopeful, that had thronged
these halls, and made this campus ring with shouts of
boyish sports, had gone. The University mourned in
silent desolation. Her children had been slain. But
she was splendid in that day of tribulation, for
wherever armies had marched, and wherever the con
elusion of tierce battle had been tried, her sons had
fought and fallen at the front. Many fell on the
bloody fields of Virginia and Pennsylvania. Upon
the faces of those who returned, the scar stamps
heroism where God had impressed nobility.
"This was the offering made by the Universit) to
the G mfederacy :
" 'Go tell at Lacedaemon that they died in obedience
to her law.'
"When in the Roman Forum there yawned a chasm
that could not he closed, and that poisoned the city
with its pestilence, the gods demanded as an appeas
ing sacrifice whatever was most precious in Rome.
Mettus Curtius, the most beautiful youth, clothed and
armed as a soldier, leaped in. Answering the Supreme
requisition, the University laid upon the altar of Dixie
the fairest and the bravest of the word.
"This statue is a memorial to their chivalry and
devotion. It is an epic poem in bronze. Its beaut)
and its grandeur are not limited by the genius of the
sculptor. The soul of the beholder will determine